The following information is shared by Eddie Johansson in his FICO 101 Seminar provided by Independent Bankers Association of Texas.
FICO Scores: The Only Ones That Count
Credit scores drive many things in our current economy. Not only affecting loan approvals, they may also affect rates you pay on insurance, credit cards and the issuance of new credit of any kind.
Pay attention to your FICO scores; avoid FAKO scores. Only Fair Isaac Corporation scores are accepted by lenders to qualify for loans. Most online scores are what Eddie calls FAKO. They are not FICO scores. You will find FAKO scores at FreeCreditReport.com, Experian's Credit Plus score, Trans Union's TrueCreditScore and many others. If you don't see FICO next to the score, it is a FAKO. MyFICO.com is the only place to get FICO scores online.
What your FICO score means:
Small Mistakes Cost You Big Points
One 30-day late payment will lower a 680 credit score 40-60 points. Why so many points? FICO scoring is a future risk assessment, so it assumes that there is a high likelihood that the late payment was caused by a real cash shortfall. FICO is anticipating that the consumer is essentially broke and this late payment is the first sign of future defaults or possible bankruptcy.
Time Heals; Recency Kills
Bad events lose their punch over time. The "recency" aspect of a derogatory event is the most score influencing. Recency is in quotes because more creditors, and most collection companies, report incorrect recency data to the credit bureaus. (Some errors can be corrected by bureau disputes.) The error creditors always seem to make is to report a bad event as more recent than it actually was. This lowers your score and makes you appear less credit worthy than you really are. Scores will recover as time passes if there are no new bad events.
Revolving Accounts Matter the Most
Revolving accounts, such as credit cards, are by far the most score influencing. Because installment and revolving accounts were created for different reasons, they have a significantly different influence on scores. Installment accounts were designed for long term financing. Revolving accounts were designed for short term, 30-day to 90-day debts. FICO is weighted toward revolving debt which it regards as a much better indicator of credit worthiness. Think about what a teenager usually does with his or her first credit card and you have an idea of FICO's thinking here. You will most notice this difference when you pay down a debt. Paying off an installment account will have little, if any, effect on scores: a 1-4 point increase at most. Paying down credit cards to 5% of the limit or less provides a significant increase in scores.
Dollar Amounts Don't Count
It is not the dollar amount of credit card balances that influence scores, but rather the ratio of the balance to the limit. FICO scoring looks at credit cards (revolving accounts) solely as a percentage rate of the balance to the limit. The higher this percentage, the lower the scores. Because FICO is designed to assess future risk, it has to assume that every dollar it sees on a credit card balance is a dollar not in the bank. Put another way: FICO assumes if the money was in the bank the consumer would pay down the credit card to avoid interest costs.
Avoid New Accounts Before Major Purchases
New credit accounts lower scores. The more new accounts a consumer opens in a short time span, the riskier it is to give them one more account. This effect is separate from, and in addition to, the score decreases from the credit inquiries to open the accounts. Therefore the rule is: Never open a new account within eight months of a major purchase.